Soil stores an extraordinary quantity of carbon: three times the amount in the atmosphere and twice the amount contained in all plants and trees. However, when soil becomes damaged or degraded, it can release CO2 or methane back into the atmosphere, accelerating rather than decelerating the impact of climate change.
33% of the Earth's soil are already degraded and over 90% could become degraded by 2050 impacting atmosphere and food supply. Agricultural production will have to increase by 60% to meet the global food demand in 2050.
Sources: FAO, Zurich (FAO; IPBES).