Farmers have been among the most vulnerable workers to these cycles. The nature of farming does not allow for quick turnarounds, particularly after farmers have made major investments in land, equipment, and crops.
The history of agricultural credit, FCA, and the FCS parallels the extraordinary challenges of the frequent boom-and-bust cycles that have occurred since the first World War.
The FCA – Farm Credit Administration is an independent agency of the U.S. government that regulates the financial institutions that provide credit to farmers. It was established by Executive Order in 1933 by President Roosevelt to bring order to the agriculture financial sector resulting from the turmoil of the Great Depression. The U.S. Congress codified the essential elements of the 1933 Executive Order under the Farm Credit Act of 1971.